These purple flowers are pretty, but the image is flat. It needs some highlights to bring it to life. I could apply some overall contrast to the image, but I perfer to paint my highlights, giving me more selective, creative control.
This tutorial will take you through the non destructive steps to breathe life into a flat image with light painting. The screen grabs are all done in Photoshop CS6, but this technique will work in older versions of Photoshop.
Step 1: Create a levels adjustment layer by clicking on the levels icon in the "Add an adjustment" panel, or the white and black circle icon at the bottom of the "Layers" panel.
Step 2: Adjust the levels to brighten an image by moving the highlight and midtone sliders to the left.
Brighten the image beyond what might look okay. The overall image should look very bright like this.
Invert the mask to make it black. Command "I" (PC: Control "I") OR, Edit>Fill>Black. The black layer mask will hide the adjustment that brightened the image.
Step 4: Select the brush tool and set the foreground color to white.
Step 5: Set the brush opacity to 30%. Hitting the number "3" will set the brush opacity to 30%. The "0" key will return the opacity to 100%. You can adjust the brush opacity from 0-100% as needed for the correct amount of highlight.
Step 6: Make the Brush Size fairly large and the Hardness value low.
Paint the adjustment layer mask to reveal highlights. Paint over the same area multiple times to increase the brightness. If an area goes too bright, paint back over it with a black brush. Switch from a white to a black brush by hitting the "x" key.
The painting technique works best with a pressure sensitive tablet like an Intuous made by Wacom. I painted the highlights on this image using an Intuous 4 tablet.
Step 7: You can light paint shadows the same way. Add a second Levels Adjustment Layer and move the shadow and midtone sliders to the right to darken the image. Invert the layer mask and paint the shadows in with a white brush.
My final adjustment layers look like this. I like to rename my adjustment layers so I can tell at a quick glance what each of them is doing.
Final Light Painted Flowers